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In memoriam of my polish grand-father, Wilhelm Korczowski, (1895-1941)

Wilhelm Korczowski 7372
Document from Dachau concetration camp 1940


Wilhelm Korczowski photo 1939

My polish grand-father, Wilhelm Korczowski, (1895-1941)
One of polish victims of the German Nazi. After the 1939 German invasion of Poland, German were arresting or killing polish civilians. Hundreds of thousands of wealthy landowners, clergymen, and members of the intelligentsia, government officials, teachers, doctors, officers, journalists, and others were either murdered in mass executions or sent to prisons and concentration camps. On September 7, 1939 Reinhard Heydrich stated that all Polish nobles, clergy and Jews are to be killed, on September 12 Wilhelm Keitel added intelligentsia to the list, at the end of 1940 Hitler demanded liquidation of "all leading elements in Poland" and on March 15, 1940, Himmler stated:
..." All Polish specialists will be exploited in our military-industrial complex. Later, all Poles will disappear from this world. It is imperative that the great German nation considers the elimination of all Polish people as its chief task.".....

My polish grand-father Wilhelm Korczowski ( born 21 may 1895) was arrested april 1940 and first deported may 5,1940 to german camp DACHAU (nr.7372),
after transwered juin 26,1940 to german camp Mauthausen-Gusen (nr 5283 ) and died in this camp on January 14, 1941.

 

 

Major german camps: Eleven million precious lives were lost during the Holocaust of World War II.
Six million of these were Polish citizens. Half of these Polish citizens were non-Jews.

 

 



"Korczowski Wilhelm" DETAIL FROM PAGE 47 OF THE ORIGINAL
"TOTENBUCH Mauthausen-GUSEN" January 1941
(document: Mauthausen Museum)

 


Krematorium Mauthausen-Gusen photo from 1945

+information (War crimes in occupied Poland)

+ Information (Nazi crimes)

+ information (Occupation of Poland)

+ Information (Mauthausen-Gusen)

+Information (Intelligenzaktion)

+Information (Expulsion of Poles by Nazi Germany)

 


 

"and pay the bill"..Copy of letter to my grandma in Krakow, with "bill" from Krematorium of German concentration camp Mauthausen.

 


From :"Frank" Nr 18
An International Journal of Contemporary Writing & Art

Based in Paris, where culture, language, history, and creative energy all converge, Frank has published over 1000 writers, poets, translators, and visual artists from over 35 countries since the early 80s. Deeply committed to the increasingly-important need to combat ethnocentricity, Frank publishes fiction, poetry, cultural interviews, and compelling art from wherever people create.

Frank Editor: David Applefield Copyright©2001

"The Only Way Out Against Nothingness"*
(*from Witkacy who committed suicide in september 1939)

Bogdan Korczowski: Poland, its Jewish past, Technocracy, Painting, and the Logic of War...
Selected moments from a long talk with David Applefield, soon to be a book.

Bogdan Korczowski is a painter from Krakow who is lived in Paris.

The incredible part about violence created by humanity is that it doesnīt come out of nowhere. It always comes from advanced thinking, from cutting edge technology. The burning of books in early Nazi Germany first required a "knowledge" of literature. To determine that a book was "rotten," one had to know what was in it. This was the work of Cultural Commissions, appointed experts, careful deliberation. The recent war in Kosovo began with the elimination of Albanian literature ten years earlier, the ousting of professors, the closing of libraries, the censorship of newspapers, the shutting down of television stations. The same in South Africa, Cambodia, and elsewhere. It always starts with the repression of writing. Culture always originates with the written word. And totalitarianism and fascism always depend on the professional destruction of culture.

The threat isnīt the cultural object itself. What is really art? Look at the recently-found watercolors of Adolph Hitler himself. You can always invent a scenario to attack the content. But, the freedom of creating a work of art is already a threat to most totalitarian regimes. The Nazis removed paintings from museums; the paintings themselves were innocent--Cubism and small abstract paintings. It was the mere idea of having the freedom to create abstract paintings that was threatening. Remember, they didnīt select anti-Nazi works specifically, they destroyed the writing of poetry, paintings and books by writers who wrote about love, and that had nothing at all to do with politics. They burned books precisely to show that the only volumes that were "good" were the ones that celebrated themselves. And it worked very well. The schools of fine arts and institutes of music flourished at the same time. This barbarism wasnīt the work of tribalistic mobs who destroyed at random. The modern barbarism lay in the hands of great minds, top engineers, architects, city planners...First, they burned books, then paintings, then entire peoples, to show the superiority of others. Achievements. The horrible logic of the time, we must remember, occurred in the most civilized country in Europe in the 1930s. Even now, the butchery in Rwanda was carefully planned by some of that countryīs most talented managers.

The logic of war is the end of the world, the end of civilization.

The moment that the first warrior in time built his first weapon marks the beginning of "high-tech." The F-16 is a Roman chariot.

That there are no more Jews in Poland today is a tragedy. We donīt speak of the same war history in Krakow as in Paris or elsewhere in the world. In France, how many tens of thousands of Jews perished in the Second World War? In Poland, we speak of millions, of hundreds of villages, of entire neighborhoods. Not just the people on one street or in a particular building. War erased an entire civilization.

The historical questions we tend to ask ourselves here, today, in Paris or New York tend to be absurd. We shouldnīt forget that in Paris during the war, the theaters remained open, Picasso was building his career and successfully selling his paintings, Jean-Paul Sartre was writing and staging his plays. Life continued to exist in Paris. In Poland, Bruno Schulz, the greatest artist of his generation, a Polish-Jew, was shot in the head in the street like a dog. Culture ceased to exist. Houses were burned. Weīre talking about annihilation. Poland lost everything. What was recovered? Ruins. Look at Warsaw after the war. Warsaw in 1945 was a field of ruins. Paris was always Paris. The Germans came to Paris to visit the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre. Germans didnīt come to Poland to visit the museums.

Hate, you mention? No, not hate. Iīm far from being consumed by hate. For me all that matters is to understand. Itīs not a question of turning the page, of getting on with it. Itīs a question of looking reality in the face. Thatīs why I say that today, Germany is a country like any other in the European Union.

I went to see the Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C. At the end of the exhibition, it was very very painful for me, as a Pole, to revisit the Pogroms of 1946. I admit, it was a real blow, it was not the Poland I wanted to believe, but it was the truth. The museum is excellent because it depicts for future generations history as it was. The danger of story-telling always comes from the confusion and manipulation of interpretation. This is what concerns me. Even a powerful vehicle like the Internet today, where one can state anything to anyone and reach hundreds of thousands, ridicule or exaggerate anything with convincing credibility, reinforced with technology and design, requires our constant concern. The tool is miraculous, but the use of human suffering to manipulate fact and distort understanding, is a crime. The way we remember and the way we tolerate and form opinions must be our primary concern.

There is something innate in humanity that requires us to be vigilant. We need to assume the reflex of a watchdog. Weīve seen genocide. We know that atrocities originate with a thought-process. We know what Pol Pot succeeded in doing in Cambodia, we saw what happened in Rwanda, we witnessed the bestiality in Yugoslavia. Violence, on this planet, thrives. I donīt want to over-philosophize on the origins of violence - being human simply means that, being human - but we need to perpetually keep watch. The challenge is to know how to keep watch? Through education.

If we tell the truth in our museums, our paintings, our newspapers, our exhibitions, if we tell how humanity arrived at Auschwitz, maybe we can create a generation of people with a different logic. If we say that Auschwitz was just a story somewhere in Poland, itīs all over. We need to be constantly reminded that truth is vulnerable. It can be manipulated. The tools of technology and engineering always pose the same dangers. I canīt imagine sitting behind a screen and clicking on what Yahoo serves up for gas chambers. The tools for composing truth can be terrifying because they permit us to simply fall upon information that is right, and with equal speed and ease, information that is wrong. The means to manipulate are seamless. The lines between right and wrong are drawn by whom and for what reasons? Our only defense is to repeat and repeat. We need to repeat, repeat, and repeat again. How do things happen? How did this happen? Not why, but how have things happened? Correct the small details, the minor distortions, the little lies before they become huge and irrepressible. It is in the how that we discover extraordinary things. The links, the complicity, the interconnectedness between industry and special interests that results in totalitarianism.